Science of Brain Development



C Brain Development - Faster than 4G
C At birth – 25% of an adult’s brain size
C By age 6 – 90% of an adult’s brain size
C By age 10, the child’s brain is fully developed
    and the habits and behavior start settling down.
C Brain development is activity dependent.
C Rich experiences strengthen the development.


Brain Development FAQs



1) What plays a more important role in brain development - nature (genes) or nurture (environment)?

Genes are responsible for the basic wiring plan - for forming all of the cells and general connections between different brain regions; while experience is responsible for fine-tuning those connections, helping each child adapt to the particular environment (geographical, cultural, family, school, peer-group) to which he belongs.

2) Does experience change the actual structure of the brain?

Brain development is “Activity-dependent.” Every experience, whether it is seeing one's first rainbow, riding a bicycle, reading a book, sharing a joke, excites certain neural circuits and leaves others inactive. Those that are consistently turned on over time will be strengthened, while those that are rarely excited may be dropped away.

3) What is the "critical period" in brain development?

First six years





4) Why does the developing brain undergo these critical periods in its development?

Neuroscientists do not yet fully understand the biological basis of these critical periods.





5) When is the brain fully developed?

In a way, never.

6) What role do parents play in a baby's brain development?

Infants prefer human stimuli, your face, voice, touch, and even smell, over everything else.

Normal, loving, responsive care giving seems to provide babies with the ideal environment for encouraging their own exploration, which is always the best route to learning.

7) Are there any differences in the development of boys' and girls' brains?

Yes, but they are subtle, and a product of both nature and nurture.

The "typical boy" may benefit from a caregiver who engages him in lots of conversation and word play.

The "typical girl" may benefit more from a caregiver who engages her in a jigsaw puzzle or building a block tower.
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C Activity Based Learning
  
 

C Age 2 to 10 lays the foundation
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